地元暮らしをちょっぴり楽しくするようなオリジナル情報なら、西尾・碧南・高浜の地域情報サイト「まいぷれ」!
文字サイズ文字を小さくする文字を大きくする

メニュー

西尾・碧南・高浜の地域情報サイト「まいぷれ」西尾・碧南・高浜

西尾市岩瀬文庫の世界

諸国奇石図 [江戸末期 不明]

日本各地の不思議な石を、挿絵入りで紹介

 おそらく江戸時代の末期に描かれたものと思われますが、作者は不明です。日本各地の不思議な石を、挿絵入りで紹介しています。

 石の前で、楽器を演奏したり、歌を歌うと、そっくり同じ響きが返って来るという伊勢国の「鸚鵡石」。女人結界、つまり女性が入ることを禁じられている日光の男体山に、牛に乗って登ろうとした巫女と牛が、石になってしまったという「巫石(みこいし)」と「牛石」など。

 この本に、吉良の富好新田で起こった、ある事件が描かれています。享保7年(1722)8月14日に、三河国幡豆郡吉良庄の冨好新田の堤防が嵐で決壊しました。村人が駆けつけると、甲羅の幅2mを超える大蟹が、堤防に穴を開けて棲みついており、そこから海水が噴き出したせいだとわかりました。村人たちが熊手を持って皆で追い回したところ、大蟹は人の両手ほどの大きなハサミを落とし、海中へと逃げました。その後も、大蟹はたびたび姿を見せたといいます。

 じつは、この本の大部分は、寛保3年(1743)に出版された『諸国里人談』という本とほぼ同じ文章です。富好新田の事件は、現在では地元でもほとんど知られていませんが、江戸時代の奇談愛好者の間ではちょっと知られた話だったようです。

諸国奇石図

吉良の富好新田にあらわれた大蟹。甲羅の幅は2mを超えたという

Illustrations of Rare Stones of Various Provinces
Late Edo Period
Author: Unknown

This text is the “Illustrations of Rare Stones of Various Provinces.” It is believed to have been produced at the end of the Edo period, but the author is unknown. The text illustrates and describes rare stones from around Japan.

For example, one of the stones described is Parrot Rock (Omu-ishi) in Ise Province. If you play instruments or sing in front of Parrot Rock, the same sound will echo back at you. Two other stones, named “Shrine Maiden Stone” (Miko-ishi) and “Ox stone” (Ushi-ishi), from Nikko in current day Tochigi Prefecture are described as well. The story behind these stones is that one day, a shrine maiden attempted to ride an ox up Mount Nantai, that was forbidden to women, and both the shrine maiden and the ox were turned to stone. Another stone, named “Toad Rock” (Kawazu-ishi), in Settsu Province was famed for being able to split in two and eat birds and bugs. Another stone in Kii Province at Amida-ji Temple in Nachi, called the “Hidden Water Stone” (Kakuremizu-ishi), was seven shaku tall (2.12 meters) and when water collected in a hole inside it, the amount of water varied depending on the tides.

This book also describes strange events that occurred in the Nishio area. The text records that on the 14th day of the 8th lunar month of the 7th year of Kyoho (1722) the Tomiyoshi shinden levee was washed out in Kira-no-sho in Hazu-gun of Mikawa Province. Kira-no-sho is located in present day Nishio city. The villagers ran to see and upon arriving found a crab, whose body exceeded 2 meters in width, had punched a hole in the levee and was living inside the levee which had caused seawater to burst through the hole. The villagers took rakes and attempted to chase the crab and though the crab lost a pincer the width of two man’s hands, it still managed to escape into the ocean. Even after this, the crab was sometimes seen in the ocean nearby.

The main part of this story is identical to a story that was published in the third year of Kanpo (1763) in the collection of fables Folk Tales of Various Provinces. Though the story of this great crab is completely unknown now, even among people who live near where it occurred, this story was somewhat famous among Edo period people who enjoyed fables.